Editor's note: In a speech at the New Hampshire Institute of Politics, presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump said the Orlando shooting gunman was "born in Afghan." He was born in New York and his parents are from Afghanistan, according to authorities.
Editor's note: The Washington Post reports the father of Orlando mass shooting suspect Omar Mateen hosted a show on Payam-e-Afghan - an Afghani TV station based in Los Angeles. Seddique Mateen is seen expressing gratitude toward the Afghan Taliban and denouncing the Pakistani government in one video, The Post reports. In another video on his Facebook page, Seddique Mateen is reportedly pretending to be Afghanistan's president. The Post notes that he appears "incoherent at times" in his most recent video on his YouTube channel. After the mass shooting, Seddique Mateen told NBC News his son's attack "has nothing to do with religion" and he apologized for the shooting. - Stephanie
Afghanistan/æfˈɡænᵻstæn/ (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 32 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. Its territory covers 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world.
Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. Through the ages the land has been home to various peoples and witnessed numerous military campaigns; notably by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviet Russians, and in the modern-era by Western powers. The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khiljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.
The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919, King Amanullah unsuccessfully attempted to modernize the country. It remained peaceful during Zahir Shah's forty years of monarchy. A series of coups in the 1970s was followed by a series of civil wars that devastated much of Afghanistan. This was followed by the recent $100 billion nationwide rebuilding process.