Editor's note: The mother of a foreign service officer who died in the Benghazi attack spoke at the Republican National Convention and said Hillary Clinton "deserves to be in stripes" for her son Sean Smith's death. Earlier this month, the House Select Committee on Benghazi's report on the death of the four Americans killed did not find any new evidence of wrongdoing by Clinton, who was the secretary of state at the time of the attack. However, it did describe systemic failure at all levels of the national intelligence apparatus, The Washington Post reports. Tonight's RNC theme is national security and has also included speeches by a former Navy SEAL and two Benghazi survivors. - Stephanie
Benghazi/bɛnˈɡɑːzi/ (Arabic: بنغازي Banghāzī) is the second largest city in Libya, and the largest in Cyrenaica.
A port on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Kingdom of Libya Benghazi had joint-capital status alongside Tripoli, possibly because the King and the Senussi royal family were associated with Cyrenaica rather than Tripolitania. The city was also provisional capital of the National Transitional Council. Benghazi continues to hold institutions and organizations normally associated with a national capital city, such as the country's parliament, national library, and the headquarters of Libyan Airlines, the national airline, and of the National Oil Corporation. This creates a constant atmosphere of rivalry and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and between Cyrenaica and Tripolitania. The population was 670,797 at the 2006 census.
On 15 February 2011, an uprising against the government of Muammar Gaddafi occurred in the city. The revolts spread by 17 February to Al Bayda, Tobruk, Ajdabya, Al Marj in the East and Zintan, Zawiya in the West, calling for the end of the Gaddafi Regime. Benghazi was taken by Gaddafi opponents on 21 February, who founded the National Transitional Council. On 19 March, the city was the site of the turning point of the Libyan Civil War, when the Libyan Army attempted to score a decisive victory against the NTC by attacking Benghazi, but was forced back by local resistance and intervention from the French Air Force authorized by UNSC Resolution 1973 to protect civilians, allowing the rebellion to continue.