The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right or extreme-right British nationalist political party. Its current leader is Adam Walker. It currently has one councillor in UK local government.
The BNP was formed in 1982 by John Tyndall and other former members of the National Front (NF). Like the NF, the early BNP adhered to a Neo-Nazi ideology of racial nationalism. During its first two decades, the BNP placed little emphasis on contesting elections, in which it did poorly, but rather focused on street marches and rallies. A growing 'moderniser' faction was frustrated by Tyndall's leadership and in 1999 ousted him. The new leader Nick Griffin sought to broaden the BNP's electoral base by moderating some of its policies and emphasising localised community campaigns. This resulted in increased electoral growth, with the party gaining seats on local councils, on the London Assembly, and in the European Parliament throughout the 2000s. Concerns regarding financial mismanagement resulted in Griffin being ousted in 2014, by which point the BNP's membership and vote share had declined dramatically.
Ideologically, the party has been characterised as being far right and right-wing extremist, and in its first two decades it adhered to an explicitly fascist and Neo-Nazi ideology. The party is ethnic nationalist, and espouses the view that only white people should be citizens of the United Kingdom. It calls for an end to non-white migration into the UK and the removal of settled non-white populations from the country. Initially, it called for the compulsory expulsion of non-whites, although has since advocated voluntary removals with financial incentives. It promotes biological racism, calling for racial separatism and condemning mixed race relationships. Under Tyndall, the BNP emphasised anti-semitism and Holocaust denial, although Griffin switched the party's focus on to Islamophobia. The party opposes feminism and LGBT rights and promotes protectionist economic policies and Euroscepticism.
The party was based on a hierarchical and centralised structure, with the chairman having near total control. It has also established a wide range of affiliated groups, such as a youth wing, record label, and trade union. Widely regarded as racist, the party was strongly opposed by anti-fascist groups, mainstream politicians and media, and religious and community organisations.