The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right British nationalist political party. It was formed by John Tyndall in 1982 from the merging of several political parties, and from 1999 to 2014 was led by Nick Griffin. In July 2014, Griffin stepped down as chairman and was succeeded by a former teacher, Adam Walker. The party advocates "voluntary resettlement whereby immigrants and their descendants are afforded the opportunity to return to their lands of ethnic origin".
The BNP also advocates the reintroduction of capital punishment and opposes same-sex marriage, multiculturalism and what it calls the Islamification of the UK.
The BNP's ideology has been described as fascist or neo-fascist by political scientists and commentators, though the BNP rejects this. High-profile groups and people including The Royal British Legion and David Cameron have criticised the BNP, and members of certain occupations are prohibited from joining it. The BNP restricted membership to "indigenous British" people until a 2010 legal challenge to its constitution.
An electoral breakthrough in 2008-2009 led to the BNP holding over fifty local council seats, forming the official opposition on Barking and Dagenham Council, winning a seat in the London Assembly and having leader Nick Griffin and Andrew Brons elected as Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) in the North West and Yorkshire and the Humber regions, respectively.
After failing to secure a seat at the 2010 general election, the BNP declined in membership and a number of members and groups broke away, including Brons. In 2014, Griffin lost his seat and the party all but two of its councillors. The party stood eight candidates in the 2015 general election, a reduction of 330 from 2010, and received fewer than two thousand votes.