Editor's note: President Obama announced Vivek Murthy's nomination to become surgeon general in November 2013. The delay in his confirmation has party due to the NRA actively lobbying against his nomination, NBC reports. The delay also aimed to shield vulnerable Democrats from having to vote for Murthy before the midterm elections. - Stephanie
Editor's note: Police in Hong Kong are set to clear the Occupy protest site today at 9 a.m. local time (8 p.m. ET), Harbour Times reports. The clearance will end 11 weeks of protests, with China refusing to budge on its decision to control the nomination process for the city's first leadership election in 2017, Bloomberg reports. - Stephanie
An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. As the Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means "to choose or make a decision" and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections, especially in the United States.