Herbalife International is an American multi-level marketing company that develops markets and sells nutrition, weight management and skin-care products globally. The company was founded in 1980, and it employs around 7,400 people worldwide. Herbalife reported net sales of US$4.072 billion in 2012, an 18% increase over 2011, and net income of $477.19 million, a 16% increase over 2011. Incorporated in the Cayman Islands, its corporate headquarters is in Los Angeles, California, United States.
The company distributes its products in 91 countries (as of November 2013) through a network of approximately 3.2 million independent distributors, some of whom earn profit on product sales and additional commission from a multi-level marketing (MLM) compensation structure.
The company has been criticized by, among others, hedge fund manager Bill Ackman of Pershing Square Capital, who claimed that Herbalife operates a "sophisticated pyramid scheme" after taking a $1-billion short position in Herbalife stock. The company denies the allegations. As of March 2014, Herbalife has been under investigation by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.