Jefferson City is the capital of the U.S. state of Missouri and the county seat of Cole County, even though a small portion of the city extends into Callaway County. It is the principal city of the Jefferson City metropolitan area, which encompasses the entirety of both counties. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,079 which makes it the 15th largest city in Missouri. Jefferson City was named after Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.
Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River near the geographic centre of the state, in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is also at the western edge of one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest — the Missouri Rhineland. The city is dominated by the domed Capitol, which rises from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north; Lewis and Clark passed beneath that bluff on their historic expedition upriver before Europeans established any settlement there.
In 2013, Jefferson City was named America's "Most Beautiful" Small Town by Rand McNally.