Liberty is an advocacy group based in the United Kingdom. Its formal name is the National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL). The NCCL was founded in 1934 by Ronald Kidd and Sylvia Crowther-Smith (later Scaffardi). Liberty campaigns to protect civil liberties and promote human rights – through the courts, in Parliament and in the wider community. It does this through a combination of public campaigning, test case litigation, parliamentary lobbying, policy analysis and the provision of free advice and information. The aim is to not only protect civil liberties but also to engender a 'rights culture' within British society. The current director of Liberty is Shami Chakrabarti, who took the role in September 2003.
In 2009, the organisation celebrated its 75th anniversary. The event was marked with a conference which saw some of Britain's leading thinkers and campaigners debate the challenges to rights and freedom in modern Britain.