Editor's note: Seif al-Islam, son of the late Colonel Gaddafi, was tried in absentia. It's unclear whether his death sentence will be carried out given that he is being held by a rebel group that is in opposition to the Tripoli government. - David
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Since Moammar Gadhafi's fall, Libya has been torn among multiple, rival, heavily armed militias affiliated to regions, cities and tribes, while the central government has been weak, unable to bring its authority over the country, inheriting Gadhafi-era military and police forces in disarray. Furthermore, militias have lined up on rival sides of a political struggle between Islamist politicians and their opponents. -AP