Quetta (Urdu: کوئٹہ, Pashto: کوېټه, Balochi: کویته pronunciation ) is the provincial capital and largest city of Balochistan province, Pakistan. Quetta is also known as the Fruit Garden of Pakistan, due to the numerous fruit orchards in and around it, and the large variety of fruits and dry fruits produced there. The immediate area has long been one of pastures and mountains with varied plants and animals relative to the dry plains to the west. Quetta is at an average elevation of 1,680 meters (5,510 feet) above sea level, making it Pakistan's only high-altitude major city. The population of the city is estimated to be approximately one million.
In northern Balochistan near the borders of Afghanistan and Iran, Quetta is a trade and communication centre between the three countries. The city lies on the Bolan Pass route which was once the only gateway from Central Asia to South Asia. Quetta played an important role militarily for the Pakistani Armed Forces in the intermittent Afghanistan conflict.