The city of Rutland is the county seat of Rutland County, Vermont, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 16,495. Rutland is located approximately 65 miles (105 km) north of the Massachusetts state line and 20 miles (32 km) east of the state of New York. Rutland is the third largest city in Vermont, after Burlington and South Burlington. It is surrounded by the town of Rutland, which is a separate municipality. The downtown area of the city is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places.