Statesboro is the largest city and county seat of Bulloch County, Georgia, United States, located in Southeast Georgia. A college town, Statesboro is best known as the home of Georgia Southern University, a Carnegie Doctoral-Research University.
As of 2015, the Statesboro Micropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of Bulloch County, had an estimated population of 72,651. The City itself had a population of 28,422 in the 2010 census. The City had an estimated 2015 population of 30,721.
The city was chartered in 1803, starting as a small trading community providing the basic essentials for surrounding cotton plantations. This drove the economy through the 19th century, both before and after the American Civil War.
The city and county were the site of racial violence at the height of the lynching era. Following the murder of a white farm family in late July 1904, 12 black suspects were arrested. Two were convicted by an all-white jury and abducted from the courthouse and lynched on August 16, 1904; a third suspect was lynched that night. Additional violence followed, and numerous blacks left the county altogether, joining the Great Migration to escape racial oppression.
In 1906, Statesboro and area leaders joined together to bid for and win the First District A&M School, a land grant college that eventually developed as Georgia Southern University in 1990. In 1908 Statesboro sold more cotton bales than did Savannah, Georgia, but the boll weevil infestation of the 1930s required a shift to tobacco as a crop. Statesboro inspired the blues song "Statesboro Blues", written by Blind Willie McTell in the 1920s, and covered in a well-known version by The Allman Brothers Band.