Stockton is the county seat of San Joaquin County in north−central California. It was founded by Captain Charles Maria Weber in 1849 after he acquired Rancho Campo de los Franceses. The city is named after Robert F. Stockton and was the first community in California to not have a name from Spanish or Native American origin. It was previously known as "Tuleburg", "Fat City," and "Mudville". The city is located on the San Joaquin River in northern San Joaquin Valley and has an estimated population of 302,389 as of 2014. It is the 13th largest city in California and the 63rd largest city in the United States. Hispanics or Latinos are the largest percentage of the city's population. It was named an All-America City in 1999 and again in 2004.
It is the largest inland seaport in California. The city has since the California Gold Rush served as a gateway to the Central Valley, during which up to one-third of the city's population was Chinese. It provided easy access for trade and transportation to the southern gold mines. It has been the location of the oldest university in California, University of the Pacific since 1923. As a result of regional losses to the economy due to the 2008 financial crisis, Stockton was the second largest city in the U.S. to file for bankruptcy protection.