Iraq's national security adviser has briefed Syrian President Assad on efforts to counter the Islamic State, Syrian state media reports, in 1st meeting since the US launched air strikes on the group in Iraq - @Reuters
New House authorization for training Syrian rebels to be introduced on Monday, and added to continuing resolution funding bill likely as an amendment, senior House Armed Services Committee aide says - @frankthorpNBC
Diplomatic source: UN peacekeepers in the Golan Heights are being relocated from 4 positions and 1 camp on the Syrian side of the Syrian-Israeli border after recent clashes with al-Qaida-linked militants - @Reuters
Survivors of a shipwrecked migrant boat that set off from Egypt estimate as many as 500 aboard could have died after traffickers rammed and sank their boat in the Mediterranean last week, the International Organization for Migration says; according to the survivors, those making crossing to Europe were Syrian, Palestinian, Egyptian and Sudanese - @AFP
Syria (/ˈsɪ.rɪə/ SIH-ree-ə ; Arabic: سوريا or سورية, Sūriyā or Sūrīyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. Its capital Damascus is among the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including the majority Arab population, Alawite, Druze, Sunni and Christian. Other ethnic groups includes; Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Yezidi and Turks. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.
In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as al-Sham) while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the third millennium BC. In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt.
The modern Syrian state was established after World War I as a French mandate, and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958-61, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt, which was terminated by a military coup. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, who was in office from 1970 to 2000.
Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the Ba'athist government. An alternative government was formed by the opposition umbrella group, the Syrian National Coalition, in March 2012. Representatives of this government were subsequently invited to take up Syria's seat at the Arab League.